1979 Pacific typhoon season
1979 Pacific typhoon season summary
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formed December 31, 1978
Last system dissipated December 23, 1979
Strongest storm
Name Tip
 • Maximum winds 305 km/h (190 mph)
 • Lowest pressure 870 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions 54
Total storms 24
Typhoons 12
Super typhoons 4
Total fatalities Unknown
Total damage Unknown
Related articles
Pacific typhoon seasons
1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981

The 1979 Pacific typhoon season was an above-average season that featured the strongest tropical cyclone ever recorded on the planet, Typhoon Tip, which reached a minimum pressure of 870 millibars. The season ran year-round, from January 1 to December 31.


28 tropical depressions formed this year in the Western Pacific, of which 24 became tropical storms. 13 storms reached typhoon intensity, of which 4 reached super typhoon strength.

Typhoon Alice

Main article: Typhoon Alice (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Alice Jan 7 1979 0433Z.png Alice 1979 track.png
Duration December 31, 1978 – January 15, 1979
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

On December 31, a tropical depression developed over the low latitudes of the open West Pacific. It tracked northwestward, reaching tropical storm strength that night and typhoon strength on the 5th. Alice turned to the west, and continued to intensify with generally favorable conditions to a peak of 125 mph winds on the 8th. Cooler, drier air to the north caused Alice to weaken to a minimal typhoon, but as the typhoon turned to the northwest it briefly re-strengthened to a 115 mph typhoon on January 11. Upper level winds, combined with the dry air, weakened Alice for good, causing it to dissipate on the 14th after stalling for three days. Alice caused extensive damage in the Marshall Islands. After the season had ended, the name Alice was retired and replaced with Andy, which was later used in the 1982 season.

Typhoon Bess (Auring)

Main article: Typhoon Bess (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Bess Mar 22 1979 0518Z.png Bess 1979 track.png
Duration March 19 – March 25
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  958 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Bess was the third typhoon since 1959 to develop in the month of March. Bess began as a weak surface circulation on March 16. The circulation intensified into a tropical depression on March 19. Bess then reached tropical storm strength on March 21. Slow intensification occurred for 18 hours, before Bess reached its peak intensity of 105 mph (165 km/h) early on March 23. Bess held on to its peak intensity for 18 hours before vertical wind shear caused Bess to rapidly dissipate on March 25. Typhoon Bess remained away from land, and therefore caused no deaths or damage.

Typhoon Cecil (Bebeng)

Main article: Typhoon Cecil (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Cecil Apr 15 1979 1848Z.png Cecil 1979 track.png
Duration April 10 – April 20
Peak intensity 150 km/h (90 mph) (1-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Cecil formed on the 10th from an easterly wave in early April. The storm then reached its maximum intensity as a category 1 typhoon on the 14th. Typhoon Cecil then dissipated on April 20. Typhoon Cecil stuck Leyte on April 15, causing 18 deaths, damage of $10 million and leaving 8,900 homeless. Cecil was also the first tropical cyclone in the Western Pacific to be given a male name.

Tropical Storm Dot (Karing)

Main article: Tropical Storm Dot (1979)
Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Dot May 13 1979 1200Z.png Dot 1979 track.png
Duration May 9 – May 17
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  984 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance developed on May 6. By May 10, the disturbance was upgraded to a tropical depression. It then was upgraded to a tropical storm on May 11. Dot then reached its peak intensity as a weak tropical storm the next day. Dot was downgraded to a tropical depression late on the 14th. The storm dissipated on May 17.

Tropical Storm 05W (Diding)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
05W May 23 1979 0617Z.png 5-W 1979 track.png
Duration May 17 – May 24
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Initially, TD 05 drifted southwestward east of the Paracel Islands. TD 05 was not forecast to intensify significantly, but it merged with an extratropical frontal boundary near 22.N 124.8E and produced an improved satellite signature which included a banding-type eye.

Typhoon Ellis (Etang)

Main article: Typhoon Ellis (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Ellis July 2 1979 1832Z.png Ellis 1979 track.png
Duration June 29 – July 7
Peak intensity 155 km/h (100 mph) (1-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance was first noted on satellite and synoptic data on June 25. The disturbance was upgraded to a tropical depression about 670 nautical miles east of Manila on July 1. It rapidly intensified into a tropical storm and moved west-northwest. Ellis was in a favorable position at that time and steady intensification occurred over the next 2 days. Ellis intensified into a typhoon on July 2 and reached its peak intensity of 100 mph on later that day. Continued intensification was anticipated at that time, but a slow weakening trend was actually observed. The storm passed close to the northern tip of Luzon on July 4 and caused damage to tobacco-rich regions of the Philippines. Ellis then entered the South China Sea and weakened to a severe tropical storm while still moving west-northwest. Ellis made landfall on the Chinese coast on July 6 about 164 nautical miles southwest of Hong Kong and dissipated rapidly over land thereafter. Damage caused by Ellis in Hong Kong was minimal.

Severe Tropical Storm Faye (Gening)

Main article: Tropical Storm Faye (1979)
Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Faye Jul 3 1979 0543Z.png Faye 1979 track.png
Duration July 1 – July 9
Peak intensity 75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

A closed surface circulation was detected on June 28 about 920 mil (1480 km) southeast of Guam. The associated convective activity remained disorganized until July 1. A few hours later, the disturbance intensified into a tropical depression. On July 3, It was upgraded to a tropical storm and was named Faye. Faye was forecast to reach typhoon status in the next 18 hours. However, Faye weakened. Faye was then downgraded to a tropical depression on July 4. Faye then dissipated on July 7 at 17N, 129.60E.

Tropical Depression 08W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
08W Jul 26 1979 0649Z.png 8-W 1979 track.png
Duration July 23 – July 27
Peak intensity 35 km/h (25 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 08W formed on July 23, quickly reaching its peak intensity. Tropical Depression 08W did not last long, and dissipated on July 27.

Super Typhoon Hope (Ising)

Main article: Typhoon Hope (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
STYHope.jpg Hope 1979 track.png
Duration July 24 – August 8
Peak intensity 240 km/h (150 mph) (1-min)  898 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression formed southeast of Guam on July 24. It headed to the west-northwest, but upper level shear from the TUTT caused the depression to dissipate on the 27th. It turned northward then westward, where it regenerated on the 28th. Intensification became more steady, with the depression reaching storm strength on the 28th and typhoon strength on the 29th. On the 31st, Hope reached a peak of 150 mph, but land interaction with Taiwan to the north weakened the storm. On August 2, Typhoon Hope struck southern China, about 10 miles east of Hong Kong. It weakened over the country while moving westward, but retained its satellite signature. Upon reaching the Bay of Bengal on the 7th, Hope restrengthened to a tropical storm, but moved over India and dissipated on the 8th. In Guangdong Province in China, the typhoon was responsible for around 100 deaths or missing people. Twelve people died along with 260 injured in Hong Kong. This was the strongest tropical cyclone to hit Hong Kong since Typhoon Rose in 1971.

Severe Tropical Storm Gordon (Herming)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Gordon Jul 28 1979 0625Z.png Gordon 1979 track.png
Duration July 25 – July 31
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Gordon brushed southern Taiwan.

Tropical Depression 11W (Luding)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
11W Aug 5 1979 0640Z.png 11-W 1979 track.png
Duration August 2 – August 7
Peak intensity 45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  997 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Irving (Mameng)

Main article: Typhoon Irving (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Irving Aug 16 1979 0627Z.png Irving 1979 track.png
Duration August 7 – August 18
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  954 hPa (mbar)

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression on August 7 to the east of the Philippines. It tracked to the north then to the west. Steering currents weakened, causing the depression to loop to the north. It was able to strengthen there, reaching tropical storm status on the 11th and typhoon status on the 13th. Irving continued to the north, attaining a peak of 100 mph winds on the 15th. Its broad, loose wind field prevented it from strengthening further, and Irving weakened as it continued northward. On the 17th, Irving hit southwest South Korea as a minimal typhoon, and merged with a frontal boundary over extreme eastern Russia on the 18th. Torrential rains led to 150 fatalities, with damage at $10–$20 million (1979 USD).

Super Typhoon Judy (Neneng)

Main article: Typhoon Judy (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Judy Aug 20 1979 0542Z.png Judy 1979 track.png
Duration August 16 – August 26
Peak intensity 250 km/h (155 mph) (1-min)  887 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance organized into a tropical storm on August 15. It tracked to the northwest, becoming a tropical storm on the 17th. Judy rapidly intensified, reaching typhoon status on the 18th and a peak of 155 mph winds on the 20th. The super typhoon began to weaken as it passed south of Okinawa, and neared the Chinese coast on the 23rd and 24th. Judy turned to the northeast, and brushed past South Korea as a tropical depression on the 26th, shortly before dissipating. Judy passed through Guam and other Pacific islands, but damage was reported light there. However, the storm brought heavy rain to Korea as a tropical depression, killing 111 and causing more damage to an area hit by Irving just weeks before.

Tropical Depression 14W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
14W Aug 18 1979 0418Z.png 14-W 1979 track.png
Duration August 18 – August 20
Peak intensity 35 km/h (25 mph) (1-min)  1006 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm Ken (Oniang)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ken Sept 3 1979 0637Z.png Ken 1979 track.png
Duration August 30 – September 4
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance developed on August 30 and became a tropical depression later that day. The depression was upgraded to a tropical storm and was named Ken. Ken reached peak winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) on September 3. The storm moved north and turned north-northeast, striking Shikoku late on the 3rd. Ken weakened over Japan and dissipated on September 4.

Typhoon Lola

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Lola Sept 5 1979 0433Z.png Lola 1979 track.png
Duration September 2 – September 8
Peak intensity 165 km/h (105 mph) (1-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Around the same time the precursor to Tropical Storm Ken developed, a tropical disturbance developed south of Marcus Island. The disturbance became a tropical depression on the 2nd and a tropical storm on the 4th. Lola was upgraded to a typhoon early on September 5. The storm continued to intensify and reached peak intensity on September 6 with winds of 105 mph (165 km/h). Lola weakened to a tropical storm on the 7th. The next day, Lola weakened to a tropical depression at 35.90N, 151.80E. Lola then transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on September 9 to the east of Japan.

Severe Tropical Storm Mac (Pepang)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Mac Sept 18 1979 0715Z.png Mac 1979 track.png
Duration September 15 – September 24
Peak intensity 130 km/h (80 mph) (1-min)  984 hPa (mbar)

A weak surface circulation formed northeast of Yap on September 12, tracking westward. On September 16, the circulation gained tropical storm intensity and was named Mac. Mac attained peak intensity before making landfall in the Philippines, causing the storm to weaken. Frictional effects caused the storm to weaken over southern Luzon. Due to Tropical Storm Nancy's development, Mac's track was influenced into the South China Sea. Mac made landfall near Hong Kong and dissipated on September 24.

Tropical Storm Nancy

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Nancy Sept 22 1979 0815Z.png Nancy 1979 track.png
Duration September 19 – September 22
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  993 hPa (mbar)

On September 17, a tropical disturbance rapidly developed into a tropical storm and was given the name Nancy. Weak steering currents allowed Nancy to track across the southern portion of Hainan and do a cyclonic loop. The weak currents allowed Nancy to make landfall in Vietnam before dissipating on September 22.

Typhoon Owen (Rosing)

Main article: Typhoon Owen (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Owen Sept 26 1979 0552Z.png Owen 1979 track.png
Duration September 22 – October 1
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  918 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance developed south of Guam during September 19. The disturbance was upgraded to a tropical depression on September 22. It then was upgraded to a tropical storm the next day. Owen was upgraded to a typhoon on the 25th. Owen then reached its peak intensity on September 26 with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h). Owen then started to weaken as the storm moved northward. By the 30th, Owen made landfall near Osaka, Japan and weakened to a tropical storm. Owen then transitioned into an extratropical cyclone on October 1. In Japan, Owen killed 12 people and injured another 83.

Tropical Storm Pamela

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Pamela 1979.png Pamela 1979 track.png
Duration September 23 – September 26
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

Developing at the apex of a wave in the easterly flow in late September 1979, Tropical Storm Pamela formed on September 23 and dissipated on September 26 due to strong shear caused by the nearby Typhoon Owen.

Typhoon Sarah (Trining-Uring)

Main article: Typhoon Sarah (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Sarah Oct 9 1979 0651Z.png Sarah 1979 track.png
Duration October 1 – October 17
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  929 hPa (mbar)

The monsoon trough spawned a disturbance in the eastern Vietnamese Sea on September 30, which developed into a tropical depression on October 1. It drifted eastward into Luzon, and looped to the southwest where it strengthened into a tropical storm on October 4. Sarah, with weak steering currents, drifted to the south, becoming a typhoon on the 7th before hitting Palawan Island. The storm turned to the west, peaking at 130 mph winds on the 10th before the mid-level circulation became decoupled from the low-level circulation. Sarah weakened, and hit eastern Vietnam on the October 14 as a 60 mph tropical storm. The storm brought heavy flooding and wind, causing massive crop damage and loss of life. Sarah then weakened to a low-pressure area on October 15, but its remnants turned eastward towards Manila, Philippines, before curving westward towards Vietnam again. The storm's remnants fully dissipated on October 23.

Tropical Storm Roger (Sisang)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Roger 1979.png Roger 1979 track.png
Duration October 3 – October 7
Peak intensity 85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

Convective activity increased in the monsoon trough that extended over the Caroline Islands on September 28. Post-analysis indicated the existence of a weak circulation southwest of Guam which was to become Tropical Storm Roger. 21W was then upgraded to a tropical storm and was named Roger on October 4. Strong flow from the equator was drawn into Roger's circulation, preventing development to a disturbance to the east which would become Typhoon Tip. A strong mid-level southeasterly steering current caused Roger to move northwest. Roger then executed a cyclonic loop on October 5. The storm continued to move northwest until north of the ridge axis, after which it turned in a north-northeastward direction. Roger then became an extratropical cyclone on October 8 as it merged with a cold front south of Japan.

Super Typhoon Tip (Warling)

Main article: Typhoon Tip
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Tip 1979-10-12.jpg Tip 1979 track.png
Duration October 4 – October 19
Peak intensity 305 km/h (190 mph) (1-min)  870 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Tip is considered to be the most intense and largest tropical cyclone ever recorded in the world. The cyclone formed on October 5, and after moving into a very favorable environment for development, quickly strengthened into Super Typhoon Tip on the 11th. On the 12th, Super Typhoon Tip continued to intensify, with winds at 190 miles per hour and central pressure at 870 millibars, the lowest barometric pressure ever recorded from a tropical cyclone. Tip ultimately hit Japan, causing 68 deaths and moderate damage. The storm became extratropical on October 19, and was last tracked to a point near the Alaskan Aleutian Islands.

Super Typhoon Vera (Yayang)

Main article: Typhoon Vera (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Vera 1979 peak intensity.jpg Vera 1979 track.png
Duration November 2 – November 7
Peak intensity 260 km/h (160 mph) (1-min)  915 hPa (mbar)

Vera began as a tropical disturbance in the near equatorial trough on October 27. The disturbance rapidly intensified into a tropical storm and was named Vera on November 2. Vera continued to intensify and reached typhoon strength on November 3. The storm rapidly intensified, reaching its peak intensity as a super typhoon with 160 mph (260 km/h) winds on November 4. Reconnaissance aircraft indicated that Vera maintained its peak strength for 24 hours before weakening as it approached Catanduanes Island. The next day, Vera weakened to a category 4 storm with 130 mph (215 km/h) winds. The Philippines began restricting low-level inflow as Vera continued northwestward toward northern Luzon. Vera made landfall north of Tarigtig Point with winds of 105 mph (165 km/h) on the 6th. Shortly after making landfall, an enhanced low-level northeasterly flow over the Taiwan Strait coupled with strong upper-level southwesterlies over the Philippines resulted in the storm's weakening. After moving into the South China Sea, the strong northeast monsoon flow accelerated Vera southwestward and Vera dissipated at 1200 UTC November 7.

Severe Tropical Storm Wayne (Ading)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Wayne Nov 10 1979 0610Z.png Wayne 1979 track.png
Duration November 8 – November 13
Peak intensity 95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

A mid-level circulation was detected on satellite imagery in early November. Wayne moved to the north initially and began to develop more definitive surface circulation on November 7. Wayne turned to the west, tracking toward the central Philippines on November 11. Wayne dissipated as it made landfall in Luzon on November 13.

Tropical Depression 26W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
26W Dec 2 1979 0534Z.png 26-W 1979 track.png
Duration December 1 – December 2
Peak intensity 55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Typhoon Abby (Barang)

Main article: Typhoon Abby (1979)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Abby Dec 12 1979 0705Z.png Abby 1979 track.png
Duration December 1 – December 14
Peak intensity 205 km/h (125 mph) (1-min)  951 hPa (mbar)

A tropical disturbance developed over the Marshall Islands on November 29. The disturbance then intensified into Tropical Depression 27W on December 1. 27W then intensified into a tropical storm and was named Abby. The storm moved west and turned to the northwest, while reducing its forward movement on December 3. The JTWC predicted intensification as the storm moved towards Guam. However, Abby weakened to a tropical depression on the 6th as it moved west of Truk. On December 7, Abby reintensified into a weak tropical storm. On the 8th, Abby weakened once again to a tropical depression and accelerated forward. By December 9, aircraft reconnaissance indicated that Abby had two centers of circulation. On the 10th, Abby attained typhoon strength which made it the last typhoon of 1979. On the next day, Abby recurved in response to a mid-tropospheric short-wave trough. Typhoon Abby reached maximum intensity of 125 mph (205 km/h) with a minimum pressure of 951 mb on December 13. As Abby continued to move east-northeast, it rapidly weakened due to strong westerlies. Typhoon Abby then dissipated on December 14 due to strong shear.

Tropical Storm Ben (Krising)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ben Dec 21 1979 0706Z.png Ben 1979 track.png
Duration December 21 – December 23
Peak intensity 110 km/h (70 mph) (1-min)  990 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression developed on December 20. Later that day, the depression was upgraded to a tropical storm. Ben then reached its peak intensity on December 22 with winds of 70 mph (110 km/h.) The storm was downgraded to tropical depression on the 23rd and dissipated later that day. Ben was the last tropical cyclone of the 1979 Pacific typhoon season.

Storm names

During the season 23 named tropical cyclones developed in the Western Pacific and were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, when it was determined that they had become tropical storms. These names were contributed to a revised list starting this year, which now includes both female and male names.

Alice Bess Cecil Dot Ellis Faye Gordon Hope Irving Judy Ken Lola
Mac Nancy Owen Pamela Roger Sarah Tip Vera Wayne Abby Ben


Auring Bebeng Karing Diding Etang
Gening Herming Ising Luding Mameng
Neneng Oniang Pepang Rosing Sisang
Trining Uring Warling Yayang
Auxiliary list
Barang Krising Dadang (unused) Erling (unused) Goying (unused)

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year prove to be insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first 6 of which are published each year before the season starts. Names not retired from this list will be used again in the 1983 season. This is the same list used for the 1975 season. PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in the Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). Names that were not assigned/going to use are marked in gray.


Naming storms using both female and male names are supposed to be used alternatively. Because Alice is a female name followed by Bess with the same gender, the JTWC retired the name Alice and was replaced by Andy, a male name and was first used in the 1982 season.