Hurricane Arthur
Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS/NWS)
Arthur 2014
Arthur shortly before peak intensity on July 3
Formed July 1, 2014
Dissipated July 9, 2014
(Extratropical after July 5)
Highest winds 1-minute sustained: 100 mph (155 km/h)
Lowest pressure 973 mbar (hPa); 28.73 inHg
Fatalities 2 total
Damage > $22.7 million (2014 USD)
Areas affected The Bahamas, United States East Coast, Atlantic Coast of Canada
Part of the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season

Hurricane Arthur was a category 2 hurricane that was the earliest hurricane in a season to make landfall in the state of North Carolina. The first named storm and first hurricane of the fairly quiet 2014 Atlantic hurricane season, Arthur became the first category 2 or stronger hurricane since Hurricane Sandy and made landfall in the Outer Banks of North Carolina as a category 2 hurricane with a minimum pressure of 973 mbar.

Meteorological History

On June 25, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) began monitoring a non-tropical area of showers and thunderstorms in the Gulf of Mexico. The low pressure system moved inland into the southeastern United States, but entered the Atlantic on June 28. The low pressure system drifted slowly southward as it began to consolidate. On June 30, a reconnaissance aircraft identified a well-defined circulation, although the system lacked sufficient organized deep convection to be designated a tropical cyclone. At 00:00 UTC on July 1, after banding features began to develop, the NHC initiated advisories on Tropical Depression One.

12 hours after becoming a tropical depression, One strengthened into Tropical Storm Arthur. Arthur began to move very slowly to the north as it gradually improved in organization. By early on July 3, Arthur had acquired hurricane strength. Arthur developed a well-defined eye feature and continued to strengthen that day. At 00:00 UTC on July 4, Arthur reached its peak intensity as a category 2 hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 100 mph. Shortly afterward, Arthur made landfall near Shackleford Banks, NC, and peaked in intensity at this time with a minimum pressure of 973 mbar. Arthur began to pull northward after its second landfall in Oregon Inlet, NC, while beginning a slow weakening. Arthur weakened to a category 1 hurricane at 12:00 UTC on July 4, and weakened to a tropical storm at 06:00 UTC on July 5. 6 hours after falling below hurricane intensity, Arthur transitioned into an extratropical cyclone. The extratropical cyclone later struck Atlantic Canada.